JavaScript API

You can download carotene.js from its GitHub repository.

Add it to your HTML page:

<script type="text/javascript" src="js/carotene.js"></script>

Carotene depends on jQuery, so please add jQuery if you aren’t already using it in your project.

To initialize Carotene, use this code:

    caroteneUrl: 'ws://'

Change ws:// per wss:// if you are using SSL. See the Configuring SSL chapter for more information about how to configure SSL.

When Websockets are not available, Carotene will rely on long polling instead. If you want to avoid using websockets (not recommended unless you have a good reason), use http:// or https:// instead of ws:// and wss://.


To publish to a channel, use the following call:

Carotene.publish({channel: "mychannel", message: "hello world!"});


To subscribe to a channel, you have to provide the name of the channel and a callback function that will be executed when a message is received:

Carotene.subscribe({channel: "mychannel",
                    onMessage: function(message) {

Messages received are JavaScript objects. If it is a message sent by another user, it will have these fields:

  • message: the content of the message
  • user_id: the user identifier of the publisher or anonymous if the user has not authenticated itself.
  • user_data: the user data provided by the server in the Authentication section of the Security chapter.

If the message comes from your backend, it will not contain fields that identify the user, but instead it will have the field fromserver, with value true.


To authenticate the client to Carotene, you have the following method available:

Carotene.authenticate({ userId: "some_user_identifier",
                        token: "token_for_this_user"

user_id and token are two pieces of information known by your backend that can be used to authenticate a user. The format of both of them is totally up to you, since it is your backend who checks if they are valid or not.

See the Security chapter to learn how to enable authentication and how tokens work in Carotene.


To ask for the identified users subscribed in a channel, you need to do two things:

Provide a callback to be executed when you receive the presence information from the server:

Carotene.setOnPresence(function(presenceData) {

Ask for the presence information of the channel:

Carotene.presence({channel: "mychannel"});

Carotene will process the request, and call your callback with the information.

Your OnPresence callback will receive an object with two fields: channel (the name of the channel), and subscribers (the list of users subscribed to the channel).

Also, be sure you have presence enabled in your configuration. Check the Presence chapter to learn how to do it.

Note that, for security reasons, the client asking for presence must be subscribed himself to the channel, or the request will fail.

Informative messages

Carotene sends to clients a number of messages informing about the result of certain actions, such as the result of the authentication, error messages if the user is not authorized to publish or subscribe to a particular message, or a success reply after correct authentication.

In most cases, you can ignore these messages but, specially during development, you might find useful to understand what is happening. You can define a callback to log them to the console, for instance:

Carotene.setOnInfo(function(infoData) {

The parameter passed to your callback, in this case infoData, is a string with an informative message.